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Sparwood Elementary School 1436 Highland Road Cloverdale WV PH 278 3876 FX 278 3879 Mission Possible Prepared for. Brian Knight Vice President
Prepared by. Julie Colaw Project Director Sparwood Elementary School requires funding of $9 300.00 for teacher training supplies and services for our Mission Possible project which will provide computer based simulations or missions to up to students for the coming school year. Mission Possible is four week program that will meet four hours each day four days week. Thirty students selected to participate based on academic need will complete classroom preparatory activities and participate in problem based learning simulations in coordination with the Challenger Learning Center at Wheeling Jesuit University. Proposal Number. 05 256 Summary
Narrative Financial The Objective . Need #1. It is critical that our students become "thinkers" and are able to synthesize and apply the knowledge that they gain to real world situations. . Need #2. There is an educational gap for at risk students during the summer months. Summer programs for students at Sparwood Elementary School will provide educational experiences to at risk students and help close the achievement gap. The Opportunity . Goal #1. Prior to the four week summer program teachers at Sparwood Elementary School will be provided with professional development on using high yield research based instructional strategies through RESA VIII training session.
. Goal #2. Students will experience high levels of academic growth and engagement during the preparation and implementation of two innovative simulation based learning experiences. The Solution . Recommendation #1. Mission Possible will provide professional development opportunities for all teachers at Sparwood Elementary School centered on science content the pedagogy of simulations based learning and the use of technology in teaching. At least 80% of teachers at Sparwood Elementary School will participate in the professional development session to be provided. . Recommendation #2. The hiring of three teachers for Mission Possible will allow cooperative student teams to work with adequate levels of coaching and support. . Recommendation #3. Science supplies consumable and re useable resource books and student incentives are necessary for completion of daily student activities to assure that Mission Possible is success. Sparwood Elementary School is K facility with students. Located in Grant County in the scenic Potomac Highlands Sparwood Elementary is the heart of our rural community. The poultry farming and timber industries are the primary sources of income. Fifty six percent of Sparwood Elementary Students receive free or reduced meals. The unemployment rate in Grant County is 8.6% which is an increase of 8% from ten years ago. Twenty one percent of Grant County children live in poverty. The average family income in Grant County is $27 743. Almost 20% of Grant County adults scored at Level the lowest level of literacy skills. These adults typically have difficulty performing everyday tasks such as locating an intersection on street map reading and comprehending newspaper article or calculating total costs on an order form. Therefore it is not surprising that these parents and possibly others may be unable to provide their children with the support needed to help them reach their academic potential. This is particularly problematic for students who fall behind their grade level peers. Research indicates that children living in rural and low income communities often fall behind academically during the summer months. Summer programs for students at Sparwood Elementary School will provide educational experiences to at risk students and help close the achievement gap. Sparwood Elementary School’s most recent Stanford Achievement Test SAT results showed that Special Education students learning at Sparwood Elementary did not meet Adequate Yearly Progress AYP according to the No Child Left Behind NCLB legislation. Results from the following year WESTEST also showed lack of adequate yearly gains by the Special Education subgroup of students. Consequently Sparwood Elementary School has been placed on School Choice and is designated as Title Improvement School. Staff members at Sparwood Elementary School are committed to assuring success for all students. Goal in Sparwood Elementary School’s Unified School Improvement Plan states "The students at Sparwood Elementary School will meet AYP as established by the West Virginia Department of Education." Our first improvement objective is "PES staff will analyze test data to determine grade level strengths and weaknesses. Teachers will develop and initiate re teaching strategies to provide intensive instruction to students in the lowest quartile." Analysis of last year’s science test scores has been completed and partial comparison of scores is shown below.
Table 1. Previous Year WESTEST Science Results Grade Level – Cell % below mastery Grade Level Cell % below mastery 3 All Students 5 All Students
3 – Students with Disabilities 5 Students with Disabilities 3 Economically Disadvantaged 5 Economically Disadvantaged 4 All Students 6 All Students 4 Students with Disabilities 6 – Students with Disabilities 4 Economically Disadvantaged
6 Economically Disadvantaged WESTEST previous year results from Sparwood Elementary show higher percentages of economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities in each grade level not reaching levels of proficiency compared to the "All Students" cell. Further analysis of test scores showed specific areas in which there are problematic trends across grade levels and subgroups. These areas are. interpreting data drawing conclusions from data inferring using evidence using reason in making decisions drawing conclusions reasoning conclusions impacts of technology and identifying tasks to complete. The ability to interpret data showed the greatest number of questions on which scoring was below the 60th percentile. This is true for grades and and may indicate curricular or instructional strategies weaknesses. The abilities to reason draw conclusions infer solve problems and apply science concepts all require higher levels of thinking in Bloom’s Taxonomy. It is critical that our students become "thinkers" and are able to synthesize and apply the knowledge that they gain to real world situations. This will require change in the way instruction is delivered from "teacher directed" to student centered classrooms. The use of high yield research based instructional strategies must be utilized to increase student achievement. Therefore it is imperative that staff development focusing on effective research based instructional strategies is part of the plan for increasing student achievement for all students. Mission Possible will provide professional development opportunities for all teachers at Sparwood Elementary School centered on science content the pedagogy of simulations based learning and the use of technology in teaching. The primary task of Mission Possible will be to address specific science content areas through participation in hands on student centered instruction. At risk students will be given priority in the selection process. Mission Possible staff will teach student participants learning strategies that will help them understand science content and apply that knowledge in real life situations. This instruction will be delivered in coordination with the Challenger Learning Center at Wheeling Jesuit University and Eastern West Virginia Technical College. The following outlines our projected programs and activities. Goal 1. Prior to the four week summer program teachers at Sparwood Elementary School will be provided with professional development on using high yield research based instructional strategies through RESA VIII training session. Objective. At least 80% of teachers at Sparwood Elementary School will participate in the professional development session to be provided.
Activity. Research Based Professional Development The first phase of Mission Possible will be professional development program provided through RESA VIII staff at Sparwood Elementary School. The focus of the session will be the use of research based instructional strategies through Problem Based Learning PBL scenarios. Particular focus of this training will be on the strategies of cooperative learning setting objectives and providing feedback and using cues questions and advanced organizers. All of these are strategies that will be utilized for student instruction throughout the Mission Possible summer program. A study of the use of cooperative learning Johnson Johnson Nelson & Skon shows that cooperative learning when compared with strategies in which students individually compete with others has an effect size of.78. This same study also shows a.78 effect when compared with strategies in which students work individually on tasks without competing with each other. Setting objectives is the process of determining the course for learning. It is skill that successful people have mastered to help them realize both short term and long term desires Marzano Pickering and Pollock. Specific strategies for teaching students to set specific but flexible goals or to set contracts for the attainment of goals will be addressed in this staff development session. After analyzing almost 000 studies researcher John Hattie had this to say about the importance of providing feedback. "The most powerful single modification that enhances achievement is feedback. The simplest prescription for improving education must be dollops of feedback." Teacher participants will be trained to provide corrective timely and criterion specific feedback. Teachers will also learn strategies to help students provide some of their own feedback. Cues and questions are ways that teacher helps students utilize knowledge that they already have about topic. Research in classroom behavior indicates that cueing and questioning might account for as much as percent of what occurs in given classroom on given day Davis O.L. & Tinsley 1967; Fillipone Available research provides generalizations that can guide teachers in effective use of cues questioning and advanced organizers. RESA VIII staff will provide training in ways to maximize student benefits from all of these strategies. Future professional development sessions related to research based instructional strategies will be provided following analysis of this session’s evaluation forms.
Goal 2. Students will experience high levels of academic growth and engagement during the preparation and implementation of two innovative simulation based learning experiences. Objectives. Participants will show 20% increase in ability to interpret data 20% increase in ability to draw conclusions from data and 20% increase in ability to infer using evidence. Participants will also show 20% increase in ability to use reasoning in making decisions 20% increase in their ability to understand impacts of technology and 20% increase in their ability to identify tasks to complete. Activities. Student Simulation Based Learning Experiences The first simulation Operation Montserrat is all about Earth’s fragile systems and the interplay between life land air and water. This simulation encourages students to take on the role of scientists by gathering analyzing and interpreting data to solve real life problems. At the end of the mission the flight director conducts post mission briefing and reviews the event giving the young scientists the opportunity to evaluate what they have learned. Throughout this mission students will. Use tools and techniques to analyze and interpret data. Create descriptions formulate explanations and make predictions using evidence. Think critically and logically to determine relationships between evidence and explanations.